Grades and credits
When you study at Lund University, your academic accomplishments will be measured in credits, using the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS):
- 60 ECTS credits equals the workload of a full-time student over one academic year (40 weeks).
- 30 ECTS credits equals the workload of a full-time student over one semester (20 weeks).
The transcript of results from Lund University will record academic accomplishments in ECTS.
Grading scale at the School of Economics and Management
Grades are awarded in accordance with a criterion-based grading scale A-F at Lund University School of Economics and Management.
|A (Excellent)||100-85||A distinguished result that is excellent with regard to the following aspects – theoretical depth, practical relevance, analytical ability and independent thought.|
|B (Very good)||84-75||A very good result with regard to the above-mentioned aspects.|
|C (Good)||74-65||The result is of a good standard with regard to the above-mentioned aspects and lives up to expectations.|
|D (Satisfactory)||64-55||The result is of a satisfactory standard with regard to the above-mentioned aspects and lives up to expectations.|
|E (Sufficient)||54-50||The result satisfies the minimum requirements with regard to the above-mentioned aspects, but not more.|
|F (Fail)||49-0||The result does not meet the minimum requirements with regard to the above-mentioned aspects.|
With this grading scale, we are are able to provide students with additional information on the average distribution of grades for all courses at the School.
It is the examiner who decides whether it is appropriate to convert the graded components in a course to 100 points to simplify the allocation of grades according to the above, or if the scale above should be used for percentage allocation of grades instead.
When all exams within a course are complete, a final grade for the course is calculated. The grade is based on the exams within the course using the A-E grading scale.
Cheating and plagiarism
All suspected cases of cheating and plagiarism in connection with exams are to be reported to the University’s Disciplinary Board. Students found guilty of cheating or plagiarism may be suspended from studies for a set period of time.
Appeal against a decision on grades
Pursuant to the Higher Education Ordinance (1993:100) Chapter 12 Sections 2 and 4, no appeal may be made against a decision on grades by an examiner (lecturer).
Pursuant to Chapter 6 Section 24 of the Higher Education Ordinance, the lecturer who has assigned a grade may change the decision if:
- the decision is obviously incorrect, and
- the decision can be changed quickly and easily, and
- the change does not mean lowering the grade
Grading scales at Lund University
At Lund University, there are five different grading scales. The relevant faculty board decides which grading scale is to be used for which course. This means that your degree or transcript may include courses with different grading scales.