Nominal and real effective exchange rates for Europe
The nominal and real effective exchange rates for Europe, 1870–2016, released in 2019, is a new database for 18-24 countries, depending on the period. A short note on the principles for construction is provided on the first sheet of the excel file, a more complete description and discussion can be found in Ljungberg, J. "Nominal and Real Effective Exchange Rates for Europe, 1870-2016. Some methodological issues", Lund Papers in Economic History, 200. Financial support from the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation is gratefully acknowledged.
Documentation and Publications
Ljungberg, J. (2022), Competitive devaluations in the 1930s: myth or reality?. Cliometrica, 1-39.
Ljungberg, Jonas (2019), Nominal and real effective exchange rates for Europe, 1870–2016. Some methodological issues. Lund Papers in Economic History, 2019:200.